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Table 3 Effect of different treatments on VEGF, NF-kB, and AFP in DEN-treated rats (aP < 0.05 compared to control; bP < 0.05 compared to DEN group)

From: Regulation of Sirtuin-3 and ERK1/2/p38MAPK by the combination Ga nanoparticles/γ-radiation low dosage: an effective approach for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

Parameter G1
Control
G2
RAD
G3
GaNPs
G4
GaNPs + R
G5
DEN
G6
DEN + GaNPs
G7
DEN + RAD
G8
DEN + GaNPs + RAD
AFP
(ng/ml)
0.48 ± 0.04 0.6 ± 0.04b 0.5 ± 0.03b 0.3 ± 0.02ab 1.98 ± 0.1a 0.50 ± 0.09ab 0.75 ± 0.05ab 0.45 ± 0.03ab
NF-κB
(ng/ml)
69.1 ± 4.2 64.7 ± 5.3b 59.3 ± 4.7b 72.0 ± 6.1b 195.0 ± 14.6a 123.0 ± 11.8ab 141.0 ± 12.5ab 109.0± 10.3ab
VEGF
(pg/ml)
33.5 ± 1.7 30.2 ± 0.46b 31.9 ± 0.75b 36.8 ± 2.22b 110 ± 10.3a 55.1 ± 3.09ab 77.8 ± 6.4ab 41.7 ± 3.5ab