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Table 1 Effect of different treatments on Western immunoblotting analysis of signaling growth factors: ERK1/2, p38-MAPK, and JNK1 protein expression in DEN-treated rats (aP < 0.05 compared to control; bP < 0.05 compared to DEN group)

From: Regulation of Sirtuin-3 and ERK1/2/p38MAPK by the combination Ga nanoparticles/γ-radiation low dosage: an effective approach for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma

Parameter G1
Control
G2
RAD
G3
GaNPs
G4
GaNPs + R
G5
DEN
G6
DEN + GaNPs
G7
DEN + RAD
G8
DEN + GaNPs + RAD
ERK1/2 1.02 ± 0.10 1.02 ± 0.09b 1.12 ± 0.08b 1.03 ± 0.10b 6.20 ± 0.27a 3.56 ± 0.15ab 5.30 ± 0.15ab 3.10 ± 0.12ab
p38-MAPK 1.03 ± 0.09 1.01 ± 0.08b 1.07 ± 0.10b 0.99 ± 0.08b 4.67 ± 0.21a 3.15 ± 0.14ab 3.56 ± 0.15ab 1.99 ± 0.12ab
JNK1 1.04 ± 0.09 1.02 ± 0.09b 1.03 ± 0.08b 1.04 ± 0.09b 6.50 ± 0.53a 3.05 ± 0.10ab 3.04 ± 0.30ab 2.10 ± 0.20ab