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Table 2 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of study population (n = 129)

From: Sociodemographic and genetic determinants of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

   n (%)a Mean ± SDb
Age (years) 18–35 y (young) 09 (7.0) 50.4 ± 11.5
36–55 y (middle-aged) 83 (64.3)
≥ 56 y (older) 37 (28.7)
Sex Female 86 (66.7)  
Education Illiterate 49 (38.0)  
Family income (PKR/month)    25542 ± 18766
Duration of diabetes (years)    6.7 ± 5.6
Family history of diabetes Yes 93 (72.1)  
Cigarette smoking Yes 06 (4.7)  
Any comorbidity Yes 62 (48.1)  
Waist circumference (inch)c ≥ 40 (male) 13 (30.2) 38.1 ± 2.5
≥ 35 (female) 75 (87.2) 39.2 ± 4.1
Body mass index (Kg/m2) 25.0–29.9 48 (37.2) 29.5 ± 5.6
≥ 30.0 53 (41.1)
Random plasma glucose (mg/dl) ≥ 200 90 (69.8) 238 ± 73
HbA1c (%) 7.0–8.0 38 (29.5) 9.0 ± 2.1
> 8.0 75 (58.1)
Alanine transaminase (IU/L) ≥ 40 17 (13.2) 32 ± 23
Fatty liver Yes 68 (52.7)  
PNPLA3 genotype CC 81 (62.8)  
CG 21 (16.3)
GG 27 (20.9)
  1. aTable percent; boverall means; csex-wise percentages and means; PKR, Pakistani rupee