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Table 1 Morphological and biochemical characteristics of lactic acid-producing isolates

From: Isolation, identification, and application of lactic acid-producing bacteria using salted cheese whey substrate and immobilized cells technology

Characters Lactobacilli Lactococci Enterococci
Cell shape Rods Cocci Cocci
Oxygen requirements microaerophilic facultative facultative
Gram staining + + +
Catalase test
Growth at 10 °C + +
Growth at 45 °C + +
Growth at 50 °C + +
Growth in 6.5 % NaCl +
Growth at pH 9.6 +
Sugar fermentation   
Sucrose + ± +
Mannitol + ± +
Maltose + + +
Rhamnose ± or −
Fructose + ± +
Galactose + ± +
Xylose + ± or −