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Table 3 Involvement of genes obtained from different crops and their role in stress tolerance

From: Salinity tolerance mechanisms and their breeding implications

Sr. no. Gene Source of gene Product of gene Target plant Effects References
1 ABP9 Zea mays Transcription factor Arabidopsis Salt, cold and drought tolerance [164]
2 TaMYB2A Triticum aestivum Transcription factor Arabidopsis Salt, cold and drought tolerance [165]
3 TaSRG Triticum aestivum Transcription factor Arabidopsis Salt tolerance [166]
4 ThNHX1 Thellungiella halophila Na+/H+ antiporter Arabidopsis Salt tolerance [167]
5 SsNHX2 Suaeda salsa Na+/H+ antiporter Arabidopsis Salt tolerance [168]
6 PutHKT2,1 Puccinellia tenuiflora K+ transporter Arabidopsis Salt tolerance [169]
7 ZmSIMK1 Zea Mays Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Arabidopsis Salt tolerance [170]
8 HvCBF4 Hordeum vulgare CBF transcription factor Rice Increased drought, cold and salinity tolerance [171]
9 OSNAC5 Oryza sativa Transcription factor Rice Salt tolerance [172]
10 CgNHX1 Chenopodium glaucum Vacuolar Na+/H+ exchanger Rice Increased salt tolerance [173]
11 PgNHX1 Pennisetum glaucum Vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter Rice Enhanced salt tolerance [174]
12 OsKAT1 Oryza sativa Shaker family K+ channel Rice Salt tolerance [175]
13 OsBADH Oryza sativa (Indica) Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase Rice (Japonica) Enhanced salt tolerance [176]
14 PcINO1 Porteresia coarctata Myo-inositol 1-phosphate synthase Rice, brassica Salt tolerance [177]
15 MIPS Spartina alterniflora Myo-inositol 1-phosphate synthase Rice, tobacco Improved salt tolerance [178]
16 AtNHX1 Arabidopsis thaliana Na+/H+ antiporter Maize Salt tolerance [179]
17 BADH Suaeda liaotungensis Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase Maize Salinity tolerance [175]
18 H+-PPase Thellungiella halophila H(+)-pyrophosphatase Cotton Salt tolerance [180]
19 SbGSTU Salicornia brachiata Glutathione S-transferase Tobacco Increased salt tolerance [181]
20 AtNHX1 Arabidopsis Vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter Groundnut Enhanced drought and salt tolerance [182]
21 ThIPK2 Thellungiella halophila Inositol poly-phosphate kinase Brassica napus Increased abiotic stress tolerance [183]
22 PcSrp Porteresia coarctata Serine-rich-protein Finger millet Improved salt tolerance [184]