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Table 1 Production kinetics of PGA producing wild type strains

From: Exploitation of E. coli for the production of penicillin G amidase: a tool for the synthesis of semisynthetic β-lactam antibiotics

Microbes Media pH Temp. (°C) Incubation (h) Reference
Penicillium chrysogenum Q176 7.6–8.0 35–38   [20]
Escherichia coli ATCC 9637 K2HPO4, K2HPO4, (NH4)2SO4, MgSO4.7H20, phenylacetic acid, sodium glutamate 7.0 30 8-10 [24]
E. coli ATCC 11105 (Wild) Liquid corn-steep liquor, peptone, and glucose medium 7.0 26 18 [21, 25]
Bacillus sp. PGS10 K2HPO4, MgSO4.7H2O, CaCl2.2H2O, PAA, tryptone, yeast extract, sucrose 7.0 28 16 [26]
Aspergillus fumigatus Skim milk with phenylglycine methyl ester as inducer 7.5–8.5 30 144 [27]
Mucor griseocyanus Skim milk with phenylglycine methyl ester as inducer 7.0–8.0 30 144 [27]
Alcaligenes sp. (purified PGA) Peptone, beef extract, PAA medium 8.0 28 18 [28]
Bacillus megaterium (Wild) Amino acid and cheese whey medium 7.0–8.0 30 24 [5]
Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. indiges subsp. nov. Peptone, beef extract, PAA medium   28   [29]
B. megaterium Carboxyl methyl cellulose medium 7.0 60 120 [30]
Mucor griseocyanus Czapek liquid medium: NaNO3, KHPO4, MgSO4·7H2O, KCl, lactose 6.5 30 120 [31]