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Table 3 Composition of natural gums and their solubility in water and organic solvents

From: Characterization and low-cost preservation of Chromobacterium violaceum strain TRFM-24 isolated from Tripura state, India

Name of natural gums [moisture retention (%)] Composition Solubility References
Babul gum (acacia gum) [Acacia nilotica (7.32%)] Protein, rhamnose, arabinose, galactose and uronic acid Water and other organic solvents [70]
Palash or kamarkas gum [Butea monosperma (13.6%)] Tannin with mucilaginous material and pyrocatechin Sparingly soluble in water but highly soluble in organic solvent [71]
Dhavda gum (India gum) [Anogeissus latifolia (9.66%)] Arabinose, galactose, mannose, xylose, glucuronic acid, glucose and uronic acid Water and other organic solvents [72]
Salai gum (gum resin) [Boswellia serrata (2.36%)] Arabinose, galactose, xylose, resin (30–60%) Water and other organic solvent [73]