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Table 4 Prospective applications of cold-adapted proteases from psychrophiles and psychrotrophs

From: Adaptation, production, and biotechnological potential of cold-adapted proteases from psychrophiles and psychrotrophs: recent overview

Microbial source/protease Potential application Reference
Acinetobacter sp. (serine protease) Suitable for detergent formulations [63]
Arsukibacterium ikkense (cold-active protease) Applicable in dairy products and other functional foods [22]
Bacillus sp. (metalloprotease) Detergent additive for cold-washing [34]
Bacillus sp. (metalloprotease) Environmentally friendly feed additive to improve the production performance of farm animals [12]
Bacillus subtilis (alkaline protease) Biodegradation of protein rich wastes [71]
Bacillus subtilis (serine protease) Detergent additive for cold washing [30]
Chryseobacterium sp. (serine protease) Applicable in meat and other food processing units [32]
Enterococcus faecalis (metalloprotease) Improves the stability and solubility of health foods [72]
Flavobacterium limicola (cold-active protease) Primary mineralization of organic polymers in freshwater sediments [73]
Pedobacter cryoconitis (metalloprotease) Bioremediation of wastewater in cold conditions [61]
Penicillin nalgiovense (alkaline protease) Suitable for meat ripening purposes [40]
Planococcus sp. (serine protease) Detergent additive for cold washing [60]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (alkaline protease) Cold washing detergent enzyme [21]
Pseudoalteromonas sp. (serine protease) Improves the taste of refrigerated meat [74]
Pseudoalteromonas sp. (serine protease) Applicable in low-temperature food processing [59]
Pseudoalteromonas arctica (subtilisin-like protease) Suitable for cold-active laundry or dishwashing purposes [64]
Serratia marcescens (metalloprotease) Detergent additive for cleaning purposes [27]
Stenotrophomonas sp. (alkaline protease) Suitable for detergent and textile industry [28]